The Austrian Room's architecture is based upon the Haydnsaal, or Joseph Haydn's music hall that he used to present his compositions to his employer, Prince Nicolas Esterhazy, during the middle years of Haydn's career. Therefore, this Room pays attention to musical achievement throughout the Austrian Empire.
A list of native Austrian citizens and of subjects in the Empire who were composers is on the wall. It is a who's who of famous classical musicians. The Enlightenment Era is further referenced in the time period of the Room, which places it during the reign of Maria Theresa (1740-1780). The Hofburg and Schoenbrunn Palaces are also indicated with reproduction lighting and furniture from them.